Don’t say: “I’m studying every day for improve my English.”
Say: “I’m studying every day to improve my English.”
Many English learners don’t know the difference between to and for! Here are some rules:
Use TO in these cases:
“We’re going to Paris.”
- What time it is
“It’s a quarter to 2.”
“It’s about ten miles from my house to the university.”
“I prefer sleeping to working.”
“I gave the book to my sister.”
- Motive/Reason – with verb
“I came here to see you.”
Learn more: Talk TO or Talk WITH?
Use FOR in these cases:
“Yogurt is good for your digestion.”
- Period of time
“We’ve lived here for 2 years.”
“I made an appointment for May 3.”
- Agree with
“Are you for or against the development of nuclear weapons?”
- Doing something to help someone
“Could you carry these books for me?”
- Motive/Reason – with noun
“Let’s go out for a drink.”
- Function – with verb (-ing form)
“A ladle is a big spoon used for serving soup.”
As you can see in #6, TO or FOR can be used for a motive/reason, but TO is always with a verb, and FOR is always with a noun. Here’s a good example:
- I came to New York to work.
- I came to New York for a new job.
Now you know when to use for vs. to! If you like this lesson on the difference between for and to, check out my 600+ confusing words explained e-book.