Words ending in OUS
The ous at the end of these words sounds like iss. It does not sound like “house.”
famous, various, serious, nervous, obvious, previous, religious, victorious
Words ending in TION
The tion sounds like shin.
association, definition, population, promotion, section, solution, tradition
Words ending in ATE
In some words ending in ate (usually verbs), it sounds like the word eight.
accelerate, initiate, concentrate, simulate, fascinate, hallucinate
In other words ending in ate (usually nouns/adjectives), it sounds like et or it.
private, adequate, candidate, delicate, desperate, certificate
Some words can be both:
separate (v. / n.)
associate (v. / n.)
graduate (v. / n.)
alternate (v. / adj.)
estimate (v. / n.)
Words ending in ANCE and ENCE
We do not usually make a distinction in the pronunciation of ANCE and ENCE endings. They both sound like ENCE.
absence, violence, experience, conference, evidence, influence, obedience
attendance, balance, distance, entrance, resistance, performance, importance
finance, advance, chance, glance, trance (one-syllable words)