If you don’t know a word in English, you can use these words to describe it:
- hot / cold
- big / small
- cheap / expensive
- young / old
“I don’t know the word – it’s the opposite of ‘tall.'”
“What’s the opposite of ‘far‘?”
“Thanks! My school is near my house.”
Words that have related definitions but are not the same.
- apple / orange (both are fruit)
- tiger / lion (both are from the cat family)
- pencil / pen (you use both to write)
- dress / skirt (both are items of clothing)
“It’s similar to a book, but you write in it.”
“It’s similar to a birthday, but for marriage.”
“It’s similar to a horse, but it’s black and white.”
Kind / Type
You use these words to talk about a word that is inside a category:
A banana is a type of fruit that is yellow.
A mouse is a kind of animal that is small and grey.
A dress is a type of clothing that women wear.