Learn English words for common seasonings – herbs and spices that are used to add flavor to food.
The difference between herbs and spices is that herbs are the leafy green part of the plant, and spices come from seeds, roots, bark, fruit, or vegetables.
cilantro / coriander
Bay leaves are usually dried and used to provide flavor in soups
Cumin can be used in the form of the seeds, or ground into a powder.
chilli pepper / cayenne pepper
Chilli pepper is a “hot” pepper. It can be used whole, or dried and ground into powder.
Paprika also comes from a type of pepper, but it is not as “hot.”
Cinnamon is often used in desserts and sweet dishes.
Saffron comes from a flower.
Image sources: Badagnani, Eric in SF, Henna, Forest & Kim Starr, Erin Silversmith, Fir0002, Henna, Henna, raeky, Sagar.kolte, Thamizhpparithi Maari, Risacher