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100+ Regular Verbs with ED in the Past

Regular Verbs vs. Irregular Verbs

Regular verbs are ones that end in -ED in the past tense and past participle:

  • walk – walked – walked
  • start – started – missed
  • miss – missed – missed

Irregular verbs are ones that don’t follow these rules, for example:

  • do – did – done
  • eat – ate – eaten
  • sing – sang – sung

regular verbs vs. irregular verbs

How to form regular verbs

Simply add -ED to make the past tense form of the verb, as well as the past participle:

  • Present tense: ask/asks
    • I often ask questions in English class.
  • Past tense: asked
    • asked lots of questions yesterday.
  • Past participle: asked
    • I’ve never asked about that topic.

For verbs that already end in -E, we simply add -D to form the past tense and past participle. These are also considered regular:

  • Present tense: love/loves
    • I love pizza
  • Past tense: loved
    • loved to go camping when I was a kid.
  • Past participle: loved
    • I’ve always loved classical music.

Other regular verbs ending in -E: use, vote, chase, bake, hope, smile, care, exercise, like, rescue, tie, waste, and many more

For verbs that end in consonant-Y, we change the Y to I and then add -ED:

  • Present tense: try / tries
    • I try to exercise almost every day.
  • Past tense: tried
    • tried to fix the TV, but it didn’t work.
  • Past participle: tried
    • I haven’t tried that new restaurant yet.

Other regular verbs ending in consonant-Y: cry, spy, hurry, copy, reply, carry, marry, dry, study, identify

Note: For verbs ending in vowel-Y, we just add -ED: played, stayed, enjoyed

For verbs that end in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the final consonant before adding -ED:

  • Present tense: stop / stops
    • I should stop staying up so late.
  • Past tense: stopped
    • We stopped to get gas before our road trip.
  • Past participle: stopped
    • I’ve recently stopped smoking.

Other regular verbs ending in consonant-vowel-consonant: grab, rub, sob, skid, beg, drag, hug, occur, prefer, stir, admit, commit, regret, submit, control

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How to pronounce regular verbs

Many English learners make pronunciation mistakes with the -ED ending. There are 3 ways to pronounce it:

  1. Like T
  2. Like ED (with an extra syllable)
  3. Like D

Let’s do some English pronunciation practice with examples!

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-ED pronounced like T

After regular verbs ending with a K sound

  • asked
  • checked
  • kicked
  • liked
  • looked
  • talked
  • thanked
  • walked
  • worked

After regular verbs ending with an S sound

  • confessed
  • crossed
  • dressed
  • embarrassed
  • guessed
  • impressed
  • increased
  • missed
  • passed
  • promised

Remember that C in English can also have an S sound:

  • announced
  • danced
  • forced
  • influenced
  • introduced
  • noticed
  • reduced

After regular verbs ending with an SH sound

  • brushed
  • crashed
  • punished
  • pushed
  • rushed

After regular verbs ending with a CH sound

  • matched
  • punched
  • reached
  • searched

After regular verbs ending with an F / X sound

  • laughed
  • fixed
  • relaxed

-ED pronounced like ED (with extra syllable)

After regular verbs ending with a T sound

  • accepted
  • appreciated
  • cheated
  • connected
  • excited
  • interrupted
  • invented
  • rejected
  • started
  • waited

After regular verbs ending with a D sound

  • avoided
  • decided
  • ended
  • expanded
  • guarded
  • included
  • needed
  • pretended
  • reminded
  • succeeded

-ED pronounced like D

After ALL other regular verbs that don’t fit into the first two categories

ap / pear –> ap / peared
(no extra syllable)

ac / cept –> ac / cep / ted
(the ED adds an extra syllable)

After regular verbs ending with an R sound

  • appeared
  • compared
  • considered
  • entered
  • remembered

After regular verbs ending with a V sound

  • arrived
  • received
  • observed
  • improved
  • saved

After regular verbs ending with a Z sound

  • advised
  • buzzed
  • paused
  • raised
  • sneezed

After regular verbs ending with an L / M / N sound

  • killed
  • pulled
  • traveled
  • claimed
  • jammed
  • burned
  • examined
  • explained
  • turned
  • warned

Learn more: Canceled or cancelled? Traveled or travelled?

After regular verbs ending with a vowel sound

  • borrowed
  • annoyed
  • cried
  • glued
  • carried
  • weighed

After regular verbs ending with a B / G / J sound

  • robbed
  • scrubbed
  • belonged
  • hugged
  • arranged
  • encouraged
  • challenged
  • judged
  • managed

Let’s review how to pronounce regular verbs ending in -ED:

-ED only adds an extra syllable when after a regular verb ending with T or D:

want –> wan / ted
(1 syllable –> 2 syllables)

de / cide –> de / ci / ded
(2 syllables –> 3 syllables)

In all other cases, it does not add an extra syllable:

miss –> missed (“misst”)
(1 syllable –> 1 syllable)

re / ceive –> re / ceived
(2 syllables –> 2 syllables)

Remember, the past participles of regular verbs are the same as the simple past tense: I receive, I received, I have received.

Now you know the difference between regular and irregular verbs in English, and the correct ways to pronounce the -ED ending in the simple past tense and past participle. Make sure to download the FREE lesson PDF and audio so that you can review and practice this lesson again!

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