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First Conditional

Learn English Grammar - First Conditional

Use the First Conditional to talk about future possibilities:

  • If it’s sunny tomorrow, I’ll go to the beach.
  • If it rains tomorrow, I’ll stay home.

There are two parts to a first conditional sentence: the condition and the result:

 

CONDITION RESULT
If you study this weekend, you’ll pass the test on Monday.
If you don’t study, you’ll fail.
If John goes on a trip next month, he won’t have time to finish the project.
If we don’t save money this year, we won’t be able to buy Christmas presents.
[notice]It is possible to reverse the condition and the result:

  • If you don’t study, you’ll fail. = You’ll fail if you don’t study.
[/notice]

How to form the first conditional:

CONDITION:  if + subject + present simple

RESULT:  subject + future (will/won’t, going to)

[important]It is possible to use other words in place of if in first conditional sentences.

Click here for a lesson about unless, when, and as soon as.[/important]

First Conditional Quiz

Congratulations - you have completed First Conditional Quiz. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
If we ____________ now, we ___________ catch the 8 o'clock train.
A
don't leave / won't
B
won't leave / don't
C
'll leave / are going to
Question 2
If you __________ the teacher, she ___________ you.
A
ask / 'll
B
'll ask / 'll
C
'll ask / is
Question 3
If Tim ___________ more carefully, he ___________ an accident.
A
doesn't drive / 'll
B
isn't driving / won't
C
drives / 'll
Question 4
I don't want to talk to Sheila. If she ___________ me, I ___________ her I'm too busy to talk.
A
calls / 'm going to tell
B
will call / tell
C
calls / won't tell
Question 5
If I ___________ extra courses this semester, I ____________ as much free time.
A
take / won't have
B
will take / will have
C
don't take / don't have
Question 6
____________ English faster if you ____________ every day.
A
You'll learn / study
B
You learn / won't study
C
You won't learn / 'll study
Question 7
________ you call me if you __________ any news?
A
Will / hear
B
Do / 'll hear
C
Won't / aren't hearing
Question 8
We don't have very much money, so we __________ the car only if ____________ more than $8,000.
A
'll buy / it doesn't cost
B
won't buy / it won't cost
C
buy / it'll cost
Question 9
My wife ________ angry if I _________ our anniversary again!
A
is going to be / forget
B
will be / don't forget
C
is / 'll forget
Question 10
He ___________ any progress if he ___________ procrastinating.
A
won't make / keeps
B
doesn't make / 'll keep
C
is going to make / won't keep
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 10 questions to complete.

Related lessons:

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