Read Reported Speech (Part 1) to learn how to make reported statements.
In Part 2, we will focus on requests, orders, and questions.
|DIRECT SPEECH||REPORTED SPEECH||EXAMPLE|
|Requests/orders||Asked (me/him/her) to…
Told (me/him/her) to…
|“Please make 10 copies of this report.”
She asked me to make 10 copies of the report.
“Go to the bank.”
|Yes/no questions||Asked if…
Wanted to know if…
|“Are you coming to the party?”
He asked if I was coming to the party.
“Has John seen the new movie?”
Wanted to know…
|“When was the company founded?”
She asked when the company was founded.
“What kind of car do you drive?”
- “Asked me to” is used for requests.
- “Told me to” is stronger; it is used for orders/commands.
- The main verb stays in the infinitive:
She asked me to make copies.
He told me to go to the bank.
2. Yes/no questions
- “Asked if” and “wanted to know if” are equal.
- The main verb changes according to the rules for reported statements:
“Did you turn off the TV?” (past simple)
She asked if I had turned off the TV (past perfect)
- We don’t use the auxiliary verbs “do/does/did” in the reported question.
3. Other questions
- “Asked” and “wanted to know” are equal.
- We don’t use the auxiliary verb “do” or “does” in the reported question:
“Where does he work?”
She wanted to know where he works.
- In questions with the verb “to be,” the word order changes in the reported question:
“Where were you born?” (Question word + [to be] + subject)
He asked where I was born (Question word + subject + [to be])
He asked where was I born
Reported Speech (Part 2) Quiz
.He asked if my family usually goes on vacation.
He asked where does my family usually go on vacation.
He asked where my family usually goes on vacation
She wanted to know if I'd met her sister.
She wanted to know if I will meet her sister.
She told me to meet her sister.
The teacher asked us if we'd looked up the words in the dictionary.
The teacher told us to look up the words in the dictionary.
The teacher wanted to know how to look up the words in the dictionary.
He told me he wanted to rent a car.
He wanted to know how much it costs to rent a car.
He asked if it costs money to rent a car.
She asked if I would help her.
She asked if she would help me.
She asked if you would help her.
He asked us not to walk on the grass.
He asked us if we'd walked on the grass.
He asked if he could walk on the grass.
My friend told me what time it was.
My friend wanted to know what time is it.
My friend asked me what time it was.
He asked me if I'd swim.
He asked me to swim.
He asked if I could swim.
My boss told me he'd finished the report for the next day, or else I was fired.
My boss told me to finish the report by the next day, or else I'd be fired.
My boss told me to finish the report by the next day, or else you are fired.
He asked what her last name was.
He asked what was her last name.
He asked if she had a last name.
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