Advanced Vocabulary & Collocations Course
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Ready for some collocations? Let’s expand your vocabulary by learning interesting combinations with the key words comment, conversation, and speech.
There are a lot of adjectives that can describe comments or remarks. Here are some positive ones:
- constructive comments/remarks are ones that have a positive effect or help show how to make things better. We often see this in the expression “constructive criticism,” meaning criticism that’s presented in a kind way in order to help improve
- incisive comments/remarks are ones that are clear and sharp, that directly communicate the reality of the situation
- perceptive comments/remarks are ones that show good insight and understanding
- witty comments/remarks are clever and funny
On the negative side, we have:
- pointed/cutting comments/remarks, ones that are “sharp” and hurt others’ feelings
- scathing comments/remarks, ones that communicate very harsh and intense criticism
- derogatory/disparaging comments/remarks, ones that communicate strong disrespect in a nasty way
- obscene/vulgar comments/remarks, ones that are offensive to common standards of decency, such as talking explicitly about sex
Sometimes comments are clear, and other times they are cryptic, which is the opposite – cryptic comments are mysterious and hard to understand or interpret.
A provocative comment is one that produces a reaction in people – this may be positive, inspiring thought or action, or it may be negative, producing controversy or anger.
Reporters often ask famous people for their opinions on issues, and the celebrity might decline to comment (meaning politely say they will not comment). Other times, they might make an off-the-cuff comment, meaning one that is informal, spontaneous, not planned or prepared.
Let’s turn our attention to conversation. When we’re participating in a conversation, we can say we’re engaged in conversation. If the conversation is intense and we’re really focused on it, then we’re deep in conversation.
We can have an animated conversation, one that is full of energy, emotion, and often gestures. The opposite would be a hushed conversation, one that is done in quiet voices, often because we don’t want other people to overhear our conversation – accidentally listen to it.
A fascinating/stimulating conversation is one that holds our interest and we enjoy paying attention to it. However, if it’s an endless conversation – one that seems to continue on forever – we might eventually get tired of it. It’s also unpleasant if one person or one topic tends to dominate the conversation, meaning control it and take up all the time.
When we’re in a place where we don’t know anyone, we can try to strike up a conversation (start a conversation) with someone new. This will probably be polite conversation – friendly and civilized.
Sometimes it’s hard to keep a conversation going with someone we don’t know, and there might be a lull in the conversation, meaning a natural pause. Some people are very uncomfortable in social situations, and these folks might have halting/stilted conversations, meaning ones that have a lot of unnatural pauses and awkward moments.
How about the word “speech”? Someone might give an acceptance speech when receiving an award, a prize, a promotion or new role, etc. There’s also a farewell speech when someone is saying goodbye or leaving a place or position.
At a conference or event, the main speech is often called the keynote and the person who gives it is the keynote speaker. Those things are planned far in advance.
On the other hand, an impromptu speech is given spontaneously. For example, you might stand up and give an impromptu speech at your friend’s wedding – you hadn’t planned it ahead of time, but you felt inspired in the moment to address the group.
An eloquent speech is one that uses words very effectively. Someone could also give an impassioned speech meaning the speaker has a lot of emotion, or a rousing/stirring speech meaning the speech inspires emotion or action in the listeners.
Unfortunately, sometimes the speaker is long-winded, meaning he or she talks too long, and the speech seems interminable – like it will never end.
Those expressions were referring to more formal speeches, but the word speech is also used to describe someone’s manner of speaking in general. If someone’s speech is slurred, it means they’re not pronouncing things clearly and it’s hard to understand. Drunk people often have slurred speech.
Some people are born with a speech impediment/impairment, meaning they naturally have problems speaking clearly, often the result of some medical issue. Often with therapy, they can learn to speak coherently/intelligibly (clearly/understandably).
The verb “speak” collocates with many adverbs, such as:
- speak warmly/fondly, meaning to speak with nice, pleasant, positive emotions about something. I speak fondly about the dog my family had when I was a child.
- speak authoritatively, meaning to speak in a powerful, reliable way, with authority. My friend is an experienced lawyer, so she can speak authoritatively about the law.
- speak hesitantly, meaning you speak with hesitation, maybe because you are reluctant to share your opinion, or you’re worried about the other person’s reaction.
- speak earnestly, meaning you’re sincere, honest, and serious about the topic.
And of course “speak fluently,” which is what you’re learning to do more and more inside this course! I hope you’re finding it helpful. Remember, it’s essential to practice as well, so go ahead and try the quiz for today’s lesson.
Review & Practice Pronunciation
|constructive comments/remarks||have a positive effect or help show how to make things better|
|incisive comments/remarks||are clear and sharp, communicate the reality of the situation|
|perceptive comments/remarks||show good insight/understanding|
|witty comments/remarks||are clever and funny|
|pointed/cutting comments/remarks||are “sharp” and hurt others’ feelings|
|scathing comments/remarks||very harsh and intense criticism|
|derogatory/disparaging comments/remarks||show strong disrespect in a nasty way|
|obscene/vulgar comments/remarks||are offensive to common standards of decency|
|cryptic comments||mysterious and hard to interpret|
|provocative comment||produces a reaction in people (positive, negative, or controversial)|
|decline to comment||politely say you will not comment|
|an off-the-cuff comment||one that’s informal, spontaneous, not prepared|
|engaged in conversation||participating in conversation|
|deep in conversation||VERY focused and involved in conversation|
|an animated conversation||full of energy, emotion, gestures|
|a hushed conversation||in quiet voices|
|overhear a conversation||accidentally listen to it|
|a fascinating/stimulating conversation||holds our interest and we enjoy paying attention|
|an endless conversation||seems to continue forever and we get tired of it|
|dominate the conversation||control it and take up all the time|
|strike up a conversation||start a conversation|
|polite conversation||friendly and civilized conversation|
|a lull in the conversation||a natural pause|
|halting/stilted conversations||have a lot of unnatural pauses and awkward moments|
|an acceptance speech||given when receiving an award, prize, promotion, etc.|
|a farewell speech||given when saying goodbye or leaving a position|
|keynote||main speech at a conference or event|
|an impromptu speech||given spontaneously|
|an eloquent speech||uses words very effectively|
|an impassioned speech||speaker has a lot of emotion|
|a rousing/stirring speech||inspires emotion or action in listeners|
|a long-winded speaker||talks too long|
|an interminable speech||feels like it will never end (negative connotation)|
|speech is slurred||not pronouncing things clearly|
|a speech impediment/impairment||problems speaking clearly due to a medical issue|
|speak coherently/intelligibly||speak clearly/understandably|
|speak warmly/fondly||with nice, pleasant, positive emotions|
|speak authoritatively||in a powerful, reliable way, with authority|
|speak hesitantly||speak with reluctance; wait to speak because you’re nervous|
|speak earnestly||speak sincerely, honestly, seriously|
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