Learn English with Pictures: 12 Geographical Vocabulary Words

Hill

Learn English Words - Hill
A hill is a small rise of land that is smaller than a mountain.

Mountain

Learn English Words - Mountain

The top of a mountain is called a peak.

When there are a number of mountains in a row, it’s called a mountain range. 

 


Volcano

Learn English Words - Volcano

This volcano is erupting

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When a volcano explodes, it is called an eruption.

The hot orange liquid is called lava

The grey clouds produced by the volcano are called ash.

 


Valley

Learn English Words - Valley

A valley is a low place between mountains or hills.

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Cliff

Learn English Words - Cliff

A cliff is a vertical rock formation.


Cave / Cavern

Learn English Words - Cave

A cave or cavern is an underground space.

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Field

Learn English Words - Field

A field is an area of land used for agriculture or animals


Plain

Learn English Words - Plains

A large, flat area of land is called a plain.

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Forest / Woods

Learn English Words - Forest

A forest is an area filled with trees.


Jungle / Rain Forest

Learn English Words - Jungle

A jungle or rain forest is an area with lots of tropical trees and plants.

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Sand

Learn English Words - Sand

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When the sand forms hills or mountains like in this picture, they are called sand dunes.

 


Soil / Dirt

Learn English Words - Soil

Good soil is needed for growing crops (plants for food).

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In general, the word soil is used when talking about growing plants, and the word dirt is used when you have some on your shoes or clothes. When soil/dirt gets wet, it becomes mud (like in this picture!)

Learn English Words - Mud

"Do you want to play in the mud?"

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